Greek is spoken in Greece, Cyprus, Anatolia, the Balkans, parts of the Black Sea coast, the eastern Mediterranean, and southern Italy. In modern Greek its name is written (Ελληνικά), in Romanized letters (Elliniká) and in ancient Greek (Ἑλληνική). Is an independent branch of the Indo-european language family. More than any other Indo-European language is now considered the most authentic language. The oldest documentary found to be at least 5 years old. For the most part in history, the letters to be written were Greek letters, but before that they were written in Phoenician script.
In the Christian and Western worlds, the Greek language has an essential role and the best place, as in the ancient Greek literature, the epic poems called Iliad and Odyssey. Without it the Greeks had no knowledge of astronomy, mathematics, logic, Western philosophy (Platonic dialogue and Aristotle). The new testament is also written in Greek. The second part of the Bible is also called the Koiné Greek dialect, which is written in Greek. Roman written texts and traditions form a classic discipline with Greek written texts and traditions.
In ancient times, Greek was used as a lingua franca, meaning that people would communicate with other peoples who did not understand the language, such as English today. The people of West Asia and the Mediterranean were educated to communicate with others. The Byzantine Empire may also have used it as its official language. Currently, only Greece and Cyprus are official languages, but it is a minority language in eight other countries. Greek is also one of the six official languages of the European Union. Across Greece, Cyprus, Turkey, Albania and some other regions, 1.2 million people speak their mother tongue.
Greek words are often used as roots to form words in other languages. Latin and Greek are the two languages in the world that have made up the dictionary of science around the world.
The history of
the Balkans dates back to about seven years ago. The oldest document found (Linear B clay tablet), found in Messina, is believed to be between 3 and 4 years old. Of the Indo-European languages, only the Anatolian language, which is now extinct, is an old language equivalent to Greek.
Greek language is traditionally divided into the following periods: Proto-Greek
no authoritative record but is considered to be the originator of all forms of the Greek language. This period of language may have ended when Hellenic immigrants entered the Greek island in the Bronze Age. Hellenic itself is also used by the Greek people.
was the language of the Mycenaean civilization in Greece. Found in written form on (Linear B script on tablets).
There were different dialects of ancient and classical times in the ancient Greek civilization. Were widely known throughout the Roman Empire. In the Middle Ages, Western Europe abandoned the use of ancient Greece, but Byzantium continued its official use. But when the Ottoman Caliphate of Constantinople from the Byzantine Empire captured what is now Istanbul, the center of Byzantium, the Greeks were forced to emigrate to Western Europe, with Europe again beginning to use the Greek language.
– Alexandrian dialect
When the two dialects of Greek (Ionian and Attic) merged, the Athenian dialect began to be used as a language of communication throughout the Western Mediterranean. Wherever Alexander or Alexander conquered there were armies and people. From Egypt to the Indian border, many people were educated. Rome also made Greek the second official language after Latin.
Medieval Greek Medieval Greek The
Alexandrian dialect continued until the 15th century, when the Byzantine Empire collapsed. Since then, different Greek dialects and modern words have been used.
– Modern Greek
Modern Greek has taken root in the Middle Ages and different dialects.
Greek word diglossia is derived from the fact that the people of a community spoke two dialects. And this situation has raised questions about the Greek language in Greece. Originally it was a competition between two dialects. One modern but local dialect was the Dimotiki dialect and the other the Katharevousa dialect meaning “refined”. The Catariosa dialect was formed in the early 3rd century to be used for formal purposes. In د the democratic dialect became official.